IRCP
Pacific Coral Reef Institute
EPHE

Jodie Rummer has received a Fellowship for her innovative research

Dr Jodie Rummer, from JCU’s ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, has received a L’oréal Australia and New Zealand For Women in Science Fellowship for her innovative research into the behaviour of reef and tropical sharks.

To read more, click here

Jodie has received an IRCP grant in 2014 and stayed one month working on sharks at the CRIOBE station (more details here).

Jodie and blacktip reef shark at CRIOBE

International workshop from 20th to 22th October 2015 at Apia, Samoa

International workshop on

“Biology, Ecology and Taxonomy of Coral and Fish in the South Pacific”:

20th to 22th October 2015 – SPREP and Fisheries department at Apia, Samoa

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The University of the South Pacific at Fiji (USP), the Secretariat of the Pacific Community in New Caledonia (SPC), the Environmental Department of Wallis and Futuna (STE) and the French Institute for Pacific Coral Reefs at Moorea, French Polynesia (CRIOBE – IPCR) have joined in a partnership to develop and offer the « Biology, Ecology and Taxonomy of Coral and Fish in the South Pacific » workshop. This workshop is funded by the French Embassy (Fond Pacifique).

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Schedule of the workshop here

Pacific Islands Shark and Ray : Policy Brief, following the workshop of 2014

In October 2014, a workshop was organized by the IPCR and the CRIOBE, gathering about thirty experts to discuss about the sustainable development of shark populations in South Pacific, especially about their vulnerability to ever-increasing human impacts. (For more details on the workshop, read this article).

One year after, a Policy Brief (document here) has been written. It contains the general statement enacted by the experts, a synthesis of the « values » of sharks and of the sustainable conservation mesures that coulb be applied.

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Conference on the Climate Change – Fiji Island – August 2015

A conference on « Climate adaptation in the South Pacific », organized by the french Ambassy of Fiji Islands, held at Suva from August 17th to 20th, 2015. It brought together various personalities as Nicolas Bériot from the French Ministry of Ecology or Matio Tekinene, Environment minister of Tuvalu.

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From left to right : Esala Nayasi, foreign affairs minister of Fiji Islands; Derrick Armstrong, Vice-Chancellor of the USP, Jules Irrmann, French Embassy Chargé d’affaires of Fiji Islands and Nicolas Beriot, from French Ministry for Ecology and Sustainable Development.

David Lecchini, researcher of the Criobe and associate director of the IRCP, introduced the monitoring network of coral reefs in French Polynesia and South Pacific established by the Criobe.

 

David Lecchini and Ciro Rico during round table

David Lecchini and Ciro Rico during round table

Monitoring network of coral reefs in French Polynesia

Monitoring network of coral reefs in French Polynesia and South Pacific

A past IRCP candidate, Sarah Davies (2013) publishes in Science !

Sarah Davies came at the CRIOBE Moorea, in 2013, thanks to a IRCP grant and worked on coral genetic (more details here).

In June 2015, 6 authors, included Sarah, published in Science :

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Genomic determinants of coral heat tolerance across latitudes (link to Sciencemag.org)

Abstract: As global warming continues, reef-building corals could avoid local population declines through “genetic rescue” involving exchange of heat-tolerant genotypes across latitudes, but only if latitudinal variation in thermal tolerance is heritable. Here, we show an up–to–10-fold increase in odds of survival of coral larvae under heat stress when their parents come from a warmer lower-latitude location. Elevated thermal tolerance was associated with heritable differences in expression of oxidative, extracellular, transport, and mitochondrial functions that indicated a lack of prior stress. Moreover, two genomic regions strongly responded to selection for thermal tolerance in interlatitudinal crosses. These results demonstrate that variation in coral thermal tolerance across latitudes has a strong genetic basis and could serve as raw material for natural selection.

Symposium on the issue of vulnerability of Polynesian low-lying islands face to the Climate Change – Tahiti

From the 30th june to the 2nd july 2015, 45 experts and researchers discussed on the issue of vulnerability of Polynesian low-lying islands face to the Climate Change.

The symposium organised by the French Polynesia, France, the Institut of Pacific Coral Reefs (IRCP), the Pratical School of High Studies (EPHE) and the French Initiative for Coral reefs (IFRECOR), had two main goals :

  • to prepare the meeting of the Polynesian leaders (inter-governmental platform of eight Polynesian communities (Cook Islands, Niue, French Polynesia, Samoa, American Samoa, Tokelau, Tonga and Tuvalu), that will take place the 15th and 16th of july 2015 in French Polynesia;
  • to enrich the Climat Energie Plan of the country.

The symposium was closed by an evaluation of the emergencies, of the new scientific facts and of  recommandations.

For more information, read the article Tahiti Infos (in French)

Photo credit : T. Vignaud

Photo credit : T. Vignaud

Master EPHE Internships 2015 / 2016

The Master EPHE Internships 2015 / 2016 are now available. Don’t hesitate to take note of them by clicking on them (Word document to download) and feel free to contact the interships supervisors:

Les îles sentinelles de Polynésie françaiseIntercontinental

Améliorer la résistance des jeunes stades de vie chez les coraux aux changements climatiques: utopie ou réalité?

Metamorphosis and larval recruitment of the coral reef fish Platax orbicularis

Replenishment Tetiaroa’s lagoon through the capture, culture and restocking of fish post-larvae

Restocking of fish and crustacean post-larvae at Tetiaroa Atoll

Effects of stress on the metamorphosis and larval recruitment of the coral reef fish Amphiprion ocellaris caused by seawater acidification

Les récifs coralliens dans des environnements à haute et basse énergie

Nutrient cycling and the functioning of coral reefs (French Polynesia)

Yashika Nand at the coral bedside (Fiji Islands – 2014 IRCP grant)

Yashika Nand, Master Student at the University of the South Pacific in Fiji, did an internship in Mai 2015 at the CRIOBE station thanks to a IRCP grant.

The purpose of her study is to investigate difference in CSI of coral taxa to bleaching and disease present in different Pacific geographies. The degrading health of coral reef ecosystems is largely caused by increasing frequency and severity of coral bleaching events (Hoegh-Guldberg et al. 2008) and coral disease episodes (Palmer et al. 2010). However, the rate of bleaching and prevalence of coral disease on a reef is dependent on the prevalence of different species with different susceptibilities to bleaching and disease. Some coral species have a naturally high tolerance to changes in environment while others are less robust, and hence become vulnerable to disturbance that triggers bleaching and disease. This means that to effectively compare different sites, or to assess changes in bleaching and disease frequency over time, the composition of the coral community and the relative susceptibility of the component taxa needs to be known.

She wants to develop a novel coral susceptibility index, taking into account differential susceptibility to bleaching and disease. At the same time, comparing coral taxa found in both Leleuvia and Moorea but subject to different environmental conditions. The key outcome will be to determine whether the relative susceptibility of different taxa remains constant or varies over large spatial scales. This will allow to assess whether global susceptibility measures are feasible, or whether susceptibility needs to be established locally. The study will investigate changes in CSI based on four major characteristics of a reef system; (a) type of reefs, (b) locality, (c) community structure and (d) management status.

Diseases on different coral species

Diseases on different coral species

Scleractinians of Moorea are now online!

New Identification Guide to Corals of Moorea

The MNHN is hosting the inventory of Scleractinians of Moorea made by CRIOBE. For more information and to access the inventory, please follow the next link to the news on their website :

http://inpn.mnhn.fr/actualites/lire/4501/mise-en-ligne-de-l-inventaire-des-scleractiniaires-de-moorea

Shubha Singh receive The Vice Chancellor’s All Rounder Prize

University of the South Pacific honored 37 brightest students with Gold Medals at its Laucala Campus on the 25th march 2015.

Shubha Singh received the highest most prestigious award offered by the university, The Vice Chancellor’s All Rounder Prize for being the USP graduate with the best combined academic performance and all round service to the community. To read her reaction, click here.

Shubha Singh receiving the Vice Chancellor's All Rounder Prize

Shubha Singh receiving the Vice Chancellor’s All Rounder Prize

Shubha Shalini Singh stayed at the CRIOBE station in December 2014 and January 2015 to study coral reef health state (to read the article)